by Nkwan Jacob Gobte | Kumbo, Cameroon
Goal: To promote infection prevention in Banso Baptist Hosptial using local technology and resources
Hans Wach Basin (HWB). A 5-gallon bucket with a spigot and smaller bucket underneath to receive waste water
Adapted injection trolley. A locally fabricated injection trolley with a sharps container attached for immediately disposal of syringes and needles during rounds of injections
Introduction Although 80% of the deaths in developing countries are caused by infectious diseases, health systems are week, and infection prevention programs are quite limited, if not completely absent. Even in places where they are available, they cannot adequately respond to most of the needs due to lack of material, human, and financial resources. Background BBH is a 250-bed tertiary, referral hospital run by the Cameroon Baptist Convention Health Services. It is situated in the North West Region of Cameroon. It has an average outpatient attendance of over 60,000 per year. Before 2002, Infection prevention practices were very poor due to ignorance and lack of resources. Although the importance and steps of hand washing were stressed during all trainings, hand hygiene compliance was poor, leading to frequent outbreak of neonatal skin infections in the Obstetric unit. Needle stick injuries were also frequently reported due to routine recapping of needles after injections and inadequate distribution of sharps containers. Set up in 2002, the Banso Baptist Hospital (BBH) infection prevention programme did not only respond to these challenges but improved infection prevention across the entire hospital using local technology and resources. Some desperately needed infection prevention equipment were produced locally and have been adopted for use across the entire Cameroon Baptist Convention Health system even up till date. Hand hygiene compliance has improved, neonatal skin infections have dropped, and there is a general improvement in infection prevention practices in BBH.